Technological advancement in the past few years has paved the way for machines more powerful and precise than ever before. In the manufacturing industry, electric motors play a crucial role. Throughout the years, their functionality has been revolutionized countless of times for maximum performance. In any electric motor available for commercial and industrial use, one of the most familiar systems used is the belt and pulley.
Belt and Pulley System
This system operates to either reduce or increase speed or torque, and for power transmission between shafts, especially those which are not axially aligned. These two complement each other wherein the belt balances the load while the pulley controls the speed. Understanding how they work can help you take advantage of their roles in enhancing motor performance, and at the same time, help you choose ones that are also cost-efficient.
Factors Impacting Efficiency
Right now, there are a lot of belts available in the market that you can easily get your hands on. It would be a great help to know the factors that will help you decide what kind of belt to use. Some of the features that you need to look for in belts are their high level of efficiency and, at the same time, low level of maintenance. Another thing to consider is the maximum load and the initial tension of the belt. There is a limit to the load size before the belt slips and the initial tension plays a big role in determining this factor. Too little initial tension can result to a dead battery and the alternator belt slipping. On the other hand, too much initial tension will result to wear and tear of the belts and bearings.
Tips in Finding the Right Belt
You can’t just go around purchasing any belt for your machines. There are a lot of belts that you may find top quality but will render useless if it is not suitable for the type of machine you want to use it for. It is then a must that you take the time to gather information about your own piece of equipment. Consider the load the machine will normally work with as well as the hours of production and operation that you need the machine for. Remember not to be too frugal with the price. If you do, you might spend more on maintenance and repairs down the road.
Top Belt Options
Among the most popular belt drivers are the V-belts. Their wedge action can produce a lot of friction and increase the power transmission capability. They have an estimated 5% reduction and 93% efficiency. On the other hand, if you are looking for a belt system to work best with a vehicle, then you need the synchronous belt. It is also called timing belt pulley which can control the opening and closing of engine valves. When you are looking for toothed-belts that need little maintenance and re-tensioning, then the belt pulley is your best choice. On top of that, they are the most efficient, can run slip-free, and can work both in wet and oily surroundings.